What are the relationship outcomes for age-gap couples? In some non-Western countries, the average age gap is much larger than in Western countries. So they are attuned to looking for a partner who will also invest resources into a relationship and family. The limited evidence on same-sex couples, however, suggests the prevalence rates are higher. A factor that does impact on the relationship outcomes of age-gap couples is their perceptions of social disapproval. These factors have little do with age.
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Similarity entails many things, including personality, interests and values, life goals and stage of life, and physical traits age being a marker of physical appearance. So the negative outcomes for age-gap couples seem to reside not in problems within the couple, but in pressures and judgments from the outside world. But some studies find the relationship satisfaction reported by age-gap couples is higher. That is, if people in age-gap couples believe their family, friends and wider community disapprove of their union, then relationship commitment decreases and the risk of break-up increases. But what these trends tell us is that the majority of the population is likely to partner with someone of similar age. This is largely because, with women being the child bearers, the investment is very high on their behalf time and effort in child bearing and rearing.